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Material Safety Data Sheets contain crucial data to protect both human health and the environment from hazardous substances.
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A safety data sheet (SDS) is a document that gives information about the hazard and safety precautions of a product (PSDS), a chemical, a mixture, or a material (MSDS).
Regulations around the world impose the obligation for the employer to make available relevant SDS at the workplace. Manufacturers of pure substances and mixtures have to prepare such SDS.
Customers may also require specific SDS.
According to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, an SDS typically contains 16 sections and covers the following information:
1. Identification of the producer and the material's name (brand name, scientific
2. Determination of the hazards, including the label(s);
3. Declarable ingredients, especially those that are known to be hazardous (e. g. carcinogen, toxic, etc.); This section is useful when it comes to finding out the presence of substances under the RoHS, REACH, Biocidal Products (BPR) or California Prop. 65 regulations.
4 to 6. First-aid, Firefighting, and accidental release;
7. Safe handling and storage;
8. Exposure controls, including personal protective equipment (PPE);
9. Physical and chemical properties of the material, like the color, the odor, the solubility, etc.;
10. Stability and reactivity of the material;
11. Toxicity and toxicological effects;
12. Ecotoxicity, such as the bioaccumulative potential and the biodegradability;
13. Disposal and waste treatment;
14. Transportation, with UN number, transport hazard, precautions, etc.;
15. Regulatory information, which depends on the targeted market; For example, a European SDS will provide REACH information here, and a Californian SDS will list Proposition 65 declarable substances;
16. Other relevant information, such as the date of the latest revision of the SDS; Indeed, an SDS is not a static document. It has to be regularly updated, for instance, to stay compliant with the regulatory amendments.
Have questions or need assistance with SDS? Ask an Enviropass expert!